Heartwood can range from a lighter pale brown to a dark chocolate brown with darker brown streaks. Colour can sometimes have a grey, purple, or reddish cast. Sapwood is pale yellow-grey to nearly white.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, but can be irregular. Has a medium texture and moderate natural luster.
Maple wood ‘s colour ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream colour, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. Birdseye Maple and curly or quilted grain patterns can be seen.
Grain is generally straight, but may be wavy. Has a fine, even texture.
Heartwood is a light pinkish brown when freshly cut, darkening to a deeper golden brown with time and upon exposure to light. Sapwood is a pale yellowish colour.
Cherry wood has a fine to medium texture. The grain is usually straight or slightly wavy.
Heartwood is a light to medium brown, sometimes with a hint of red. Sapwood is a pale white or cream colour.
Elm wood has a medium texture. Grain is sometimes straight, but commonly interlocked.
Sapwood is usually a thin band of pale yellow or tan colour, while the heartwood is an orangish brown, sometimes with a darker brown or purplish hue. Colour tends to darken with age.
European Yew has a tight grain, a fine texture, and a natural luster. Defects are commonly present, as well as sections with wild or irregular grain.
Plane tree wood is similar to maple. The sapwood is white to light tan, while the heartwood is a darker reddish brown. Plane tree wood also has very distinct ray flecks present on quarter-sawn surfaces - giving it a freckled appearance.
Plane tree wood has a fine and even texture that is very similar to maple. The grain is interlocked.
Has a light to medium reddish-brown colour, though there can be a fair amount of variation in colour. Has a fairly coarse grain. Depending on the cut large ray flecks are seen.
The wood is pale to lightly yellowish. It has a fine grain. Birch wood is unsuitable for outdoor use.
Birch wood is very susceptible to deteriorate due to fungal infestation. Black zone-lines from demarcation by different fungi, whitish and black regions due to rot.
Robinia, False Acacia
Color can range from a pale greenish-yellow to a darker brown. Tends to darken to a russet brown with age.
The grain is usually straight, with a medium texture.
The sapwood is almost white and contrasts with the heartwood. The color of the heartwood is dark brown with a fine texture and a straight grain.